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Washington Items.
no loan offered or Needed.

Upon authority competent to conclude such a question, we announce that the published statements to the effect that a loan of one hundred millions was, upon the occasion of his recent visit to New York, tendered to Mr. Secretary McCulloch by the National Banks, are a sheer fabrication. The Treasury has not at present any need of a loan, and should such become necessary, it would not be accepted from the banks, but would be solicited, and, doubtless without trouble, immediately obtained from the people.--National Intelligencer,

Reported Interview between the President and Mr. Wilson.

The passage of Mr. Wilson's resolution by a vote thoroughly testing the sense of the great majority of the House upon the President's Southern policy, on Thursday last, furnishing a proper occasion, he sought the White House, of company with his colleague, Mr. Price, on the evening of the same day. The President received his visitors very cordially, and upon an introductory remark of Mr. Wilson announcing the object of their call, invited them to an unreserved expression of opinions and suggestions. Thereupon Mr. Wilson proceeded to say substantially as follows:

‘ "Mr. President, you have, no doubt, been informed of the resolution I offered to-day in the House, and of the vote upon it. In explanation of it I wish to say that neither myself nor the rest of the majority voting for it are disposed to make any distinction between Tennessee and the other States lately engaged in rebellion in our preliminary examination into their respective claims to representation in Congress. At the same time, the Joint Committee of Fifteen may, and probably will, extend to the former State priority of consideration by taking up and disposing of its case first, and this the majority will not oppose." Passing from this special to the general subject of reconstruction at large, Mr. Wilson continued: "I am aware that there are men in Congress, styling themselves 'Conservatives,' that claim to be your friends par excellence. Now, I do not hesitate to avow that I am what is commonly called a 'Radical.' I contributed, in my humble way, all I could to the success of the party that placed you in power. Hence I claim the right to call myself the friends of your Administration. Myself and those acting with me in Congress are all friendly to it, and desire its entire success. But we think, and with us our constituencies, that by your plan of reconstruction that result is not likely to be attained. We hold, at the same time, that there is one way in which it could be reached. In our opinion, your efforts to reorganize the rebel States and restore them to the Union, after an uninterrupted trial of some seven months, have not proved successful to the extent required to insure the future peace, safety and prosperity of the country. Congress, in pursuance of what it considers its solemn duty, now proposes, after due investigation of the whole subject, to devise, if possible, some better plan of re-organization and restoration. The plan Congress will probably adopt will be to submit such amendments to the Constitution as will, if accepted by the State Legislatures, furnish ample guarantees for the future. The majority of Congress expect and ask that, while engaged in investigating the whole subject of reconstruction, and devising some new plan, it may be left free to act as it may deem best, and that no attempt be made by the Executive to interfere with and influence its action by the distribution of patronage or in any other way. If thus left free by you, there can be no possible difficulty between the executive and legislative branches of the Government. But if you are disposed to interfere with Congress, by patronage or otherwise, and force your peculiar ideas and plans upon Congress and the country, you will meet with serious opposition by those that are now the friends of your Administration, and desire sincerely to make it successful. The plan Congress will probably adopt will not render it necessary for you to surrender any of your own views in relation to reconstruction, inasmuch as, under the Constitution of the United States, you cannot be asked to approve the resolutions of Congress submitting certain amendments to the Constitution. You will not be responsible, for our action, but we will be responsible for it to our constituents, who will be called upon to determine upon the merits of our plan of reconstruction. Hence there will be no occasion for serious differences between the Executive and Congress if each branch of the Government simply leaves the other to do what it considers its duty. And let me add this: the so-called Conservatives of Congress, the men that claim to be your exclusive friends, go with you to-day because they think it is to their advantage to do so; but they will oppose you tomorrow if they shall find it is to their disadvantage to support you. You will find in the end that the men who differ from you to-day from sincere convictions, and honest, patriotic motives, are much more reliable and trustworthy friends than these time-servers."

’ The President, in reply, stated that he was anxious to avoid a division among the friends of his Administration in Congress; that he would regret to see any difficulties arise between them and the Executive. He then proceeded to review at length his policy of reconstruction, reiterating the points in support of it made in his published speeches, and more lately in his message; but said nothing that could be construed into an admission of its failure. On the contrary, he seemed to be fully persuaded of its present and future success. Nor did he say a word indicating an intention to abstain from interference with Congress in its legislation upon reconstruction. He did not say that he would interfere; but neither did he commit himself to the opposite line of action. However pressed by Mr. Wilson in this direction, he would not give the assurances desired of him. That he would have made a formal disclaimer of a purpose to meddle with Congress, if he did not entertain it, may be fairly presumed. And this was the impression left by the tone and tenor of his remarks upon the minds of his visitors.-- Correspondence Chicago Tribune.

Wirz's body.

The statements to the effect that the remains of Wirz had been exhumed from their place of burial in the Arsenal Grounds, and had been forwarded to the friends of the deceased at Richmond, are wholly without foundation. The grave of Wirz is undisturbed. No request has been made for the remains of Wirz, nor is it understood that the relatives of the deceased desire the removal of the body; and it is doubtful if the Government would consent to their removal from the "traitor's lot," now containing the remains of Mrs. Surratt, Payne, Herold, Atzerodt and Wirz. The family of Wirz are still in Kentucky.--Star.

Savings Banks for Freedmen at Richmond and other places.

Mr. J. W. Alvord, Inspector of Schools and Finances of the Freedmen's Bureau, has just returned from a tour through the Southern States, having established freedmen's savings banks at Richmond, Wilmington, Charleston, Beaufort, Savannah, Mobile, New Orleans, Vicksburg, Huntsville, Nashville, Memphis, and Louisville. He states that all classes in the States lately in rebellion are fast becoming reconciled to their new relations, but that it will be necessary for the Government to keep a strong power in these States for some time longer, to secure justice to all.

Decision on claims.

On an inquiry made by a provost marshal, it was recently decided by the Pay Department that provost marshals and other members of boards of enrollment are not entitled, when discharged, to the three months pay proper under the act of March 3d, 1865, nor to traveling allowances to their homes.


The estimate of the number of patents issued for the year 1865 shows the aggregate to be 6,600 --an increase of 1,600 over that of any previous year.

New patents.

There will be issued from the Patent Office, for the week ending January 2d, 1865, one hundred and twenty-nine new patents.

Sale of Dead letters.

The great sale of articles accumulated through the year in the Dead Letter Office was commenced on Saturday by Boteler, and has been continued with the liveliest kind of bidding ever since. Over half the immense catalogue is of articles of jewelry, largely of the #x0022;dollar" sort, out with sprinkling enough of the genuine to induce a lively competition. Upwards of three hundred articles in the collection are packages of patent medicines, in the shape of pills, powders, unguents, oils, old school and new school, allopathic, homœopathic, Thompsonian, electric, and all sorts, for the relief of every malady known to man or woman. There are over one hundred and fifty gold (supposed to be) watches on the catalogue, and no end of silver watches. Also, an indescribable medley of all the varieties of wares known to civilization. Amongst the odd articles thus passed through Uncle Sam's mails, finding their way to the Dead Letter Office, are sets of shoemakers'. tools, packages of type, ladies' wigs, bundles of clothing, duplicate parts of sewing machines, packages of felt hats, iron cog wheels, (small,) lots of lampwicks, dress elevators, false bosoms, (ladies,) shoulder-straps, pieces of a piano, lamp burners, hundreds of military books, &c., &c.

The proceeds from the sales will be deposited, subject to the order of the owners, should any of them ever turn up.--Star.

Pacific Railroad.

Major-General Curtis, Colonel Simpson, and Hon. William M. White, left last night on their trip West, to perform their duty as commissioners of the Government for the inspection of the forty- mile section of the Pacific railroad recently completed beyond Omaha City.

The Alexandria riot.

General Auger, commanding the Department of Washington, has directed an investigation to be made into the circumstances of the riot in Alexandria on Monday, and will bring all parties responsible for the affair to justice. A number of arrests have already been made.


General Stoneman and family are at Willard's.

The Long bridge out of order.

The drawer on the Virginia side of the Long Bridge is out of order this morning. The damage prevents the working of the drawer, and was caused by floating ice in the river. The use of the Georgetown channel through the bridge will be delayed for a day or two.

Chief Justice Chase opposed to the oath.

It is news that many of the secessionist here claim that Chief Justice Chase is opposed to the test oath because he favors universal amnesty as an exchange for universal suffrage. Forney's Letter.

Colored Masons.

Yesterday was St. John's day, and it was duly celebrated by the Masonic fraternity. Phœnix Lodge, No. 3, and Simonds Encampment, No. 12, of colored Masons, marched through the streets in full regalia, and preceded by a band.

Daring Robbery.

The sleeping room of the city postmaster, S. J. Bowen, Esq., was entered by thieves on Tuesday night, between the hours of one and three o'clock, who took from his clothing, which lay on the bed, five hundred dollars, and from the room, two gold watches, without awakening, any one in the house.

Southern Mail facilities.

The Post-office Department to-day awarded contracts for services on forty routes in Virginia and West Virginia. These routes, for which offers have been made since the regular biddings two months ago, will cover nearly the whole of these States, not then awarded, with immediate postal facilities. Mail service in North Carolina is in greatly increased demand, and a number of officers are being made. To-day upwards of thirty routes were let. All these services will go into operation on New Year's day.

Contracts for services in South Carolina, Georgia and other States are also being fully disposed of in the Appointment Office, with a corresponding re-opening of post-offices is every Southern and Southwestern State. The number of such distribution may be set down at two hundred per week. Yesterday, Virginia, Louisiana, Texas, Kentucky and Tennessee shared largely.

Five Cent currency.

The new five cent currency will be issued next week. About $80,000 worth of defaced and mutilated currency is destroyed per day by burning, and $50,000 worth printed. Arrangements are nearly completed to make the amount of the latter equal to the former.

Frank Blair to be in the Cabinet.

There is a rumor afloat that General Frank Blair is to have the place of Secretary Stanton in the event of the withdrawal of the latter from the Cabinet.

Why Mr. Davis has not been tried.

The President is preparing, or has prepared, a reply to the resolution of Congress asking for information why Jefferson Davis has not been brought to trial. The ground taken will be found to embrace the legal difficulties heretofore announced as in the way of a civil trial, and the probabilities are that Congress will pass a law to meet this and all similar emergencies. Hon. Henry J. Raymond, of New York, for one, will strongly advocate such a measure.

Repetition of an old confiscation story.

Information has been received of the confiscation, by the provost-marshal at Lexington, Va., of a considerable quantity of valuable hides belonging to the tannery of that place, and in part the property of the widow of Stonewall Jackson.

Admiral Semmes.

The arrival here of the former Confederate Captain Semmes, of the Alabama, who was arrested at Montgomery, Ala., on the 16th, is hourly looked for. His trial by court-martial for violating the laws of war in a number of instances, as ordered by Secretary Wells, will probably take place her, if at all.

Assumption of War Debt.

It is reported that the Appropriation Committee intends to report to the House a bill providing for the assumption of the war debts of the loyal States by the General Government.

Revolutionary Pensioners.

But two survivors of all those who participated in the war of the Revolution, so far as known by the Commissioner of Pensions, remain, namely: William Hutchings, of Penobscot, Hancock county, Maine, aged one hundred and one years, and Lemuel Cook, of Clarendon, Orleans county, New York, aged ninety-nine years. It is probable that one year more will close the list of the surviving heroes of that struggle which opened a new era upon the world. But five widows of our Revolutionary forefathers draw pensions from the Government, at a yearly amount of $293.76. It is supposed that Congress will vote them an additional pension.

French Minister.

The Cabinet meeting to-day was very brief and comparatively unimportant. The quid nuncs who started the story that the French delegation was to be withdrawn from Washington, and based it upon the recent visit of the French Minister to New York, were considerably nonplussed by the return of the Marquis de Montholon to this city a few days ago. As I had telegraphed, his visit to New York related solely to private affairs of his own; the most friendly relations exist between him and the Government here, and there is no prospect that they will be disturbed. --Correspondence New York News.

Amendments to the Constitution.

Thirteen propositions to amend the Constitution are before the House Committee on the Judiciary. One of these, apportioning representatives according to the number of actual voters, will be reported in the House next month.

Contested election cases.

The various contested cases in Congress will be taken up soon after the re-assembling of that body. The case of Mr. Harris, of Maryland, will also come up for decision, and it is thought he will be allowed to retain his seat.

Care for the graves of the soldiers.

Some months ago, General Meigs issued an order to his assistants to make special reports of the locations and condition of soldiers' cemeteries known to them, with recommendations of the means necessary to provide for the preservation of the remains interred therein from desecration. Head-boards have been erected to their graves on the battle-field of the Wilderness. Two cemeteries have been laid out, enclosed by a paling fence. The sites are well adapted for the resting place of those who fell in the vicinity, having been selected where the scenes of carnage appeared to be the greatest. It was no unusual occurrence to observe the lines of our men close to the abattis of the enemy, and in one case several skeletons of our soldiers were found in their trenches. Hundreds of graves on these battle-fields are without any marks whatever to distinguish them, and so covered with foliage that the visitor will be unable to find the last resting place of those who have fallen until the rains and snows of winter wash off the surface of the light covering of earth and expose their remains.

Quartermaster-General Meigs has caused to be removed to the cemetery at Arlington the remains of those who died on the camping-grounds in the vicinity, and has taken measures to collect the remains of all others for deposit in permanent cemeteries, including those at Camp Douglas, Chicago.

The Freedmen of the District.

The Freedmen's Aid Commission of this city have issued a circular stating that there is no very large number of freedmen here who are dependent upon charity for support. The commission, in the same circular, call upon the affluent for aid.

Head of the Agricultural Bureau.

Our Washington correspondent telegraphs that a movement is on foot to get rid of the present head of the Agricultural Bureau. We believe any change would meet the hearty assent of every one who has had occasion to read the monthly and annual reports of that official. While his crop returns and estimates have considerable value, his speculations and recommendations are inconceivably absurd. He has neither discretion nor judgment, nor does he know the rudiments of the English language. By all means let us have another and much better Agricultural Commissioner.--New York Herald.

Promotions from the Non-Commissioned. Staff of the regular army.

No application to be examined will hereafter be considered from a candidate for promotion to brevet second lieutenant who has not served at least two years in the regular army.

Receipts from Internal Revenue.

The receipts at this Bureau of the Treasury Department yesterday amounted to six hundred and thirty thousand dollars.

Specimens of fruit and Wines from California.

The Commissioner of Agriculture has received from Barbary, California, a variety of specimens of fruit, such as raisins, oranges, lemons, etc., and also a number of bottles of hock wine, which are designed to exhibit to the Department the growth of that region.

Sentence of Lieutenant Reilly.

First Lieutenant Terrence Reilly, Fourth United States Artillery, who was one of the officers court-martialed recently for occasioning the disturbance at Rush Barracks, situated south of the War Department, on the night of the 18th ultimo, has been dismissed the service.

Change of the Department of Tennessee headquarters.

By order of General Grant, the headquarters of the Department of Tennessee are to be transferred from Knoxville to Memphis, Tenn.

Preparation for the payment of the army.

The Paymaster-General's Department is preparing to meet the payment of the army, which will be mustered for two months pay on the 31st December. It is estimated that about two millions of dollars will be required to pay off the troops in this Department.

Prize money ready for distribution.

The prize money due the crews of the steamers Santiago de Cuba and the Cayuga, the former for the capture of the forty-five bales of cotton, and the latter for the capture of the blockade-runner Tampico, is ready for distribution.

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