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[26] Witness Phalaris, whose cruelty is notorious beyond that of all others. He was slain, not treacherously (like that Alexander whom I named but now), not by a few conspirators (like that tyrant of ours), but the whole population of Agrigentum rose against him with one accord.

Again, did not the Macedonians abandon Demetrius [p. 195] and march over as one man to Pyrrhus? And again, when the Spartans exercised their supremacy tyrannically, did not practically all the allies desert them and view their disaster at Leuctra, as idle spectators?

8. I prefer in this connection to draw my1 illustrations from foreign history rather than from our own. Let me add, however, that as long as the empire of the Roman People maintained itself by acts of service, not of oppression, wars were waged in the interest of our allies or to safeguard our supremacy; the end of our wars was marked by acts of clemency or by only a necessary degree of severity; the senate was a haven of refuge for kings, tribes, and nations;

1 The old Republic and the new despotism.

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load focus Introduction (Walter Miller, 1913)
load focus Latin (Walter Miller, 1913)
hide References (11 total)
  • Cross-references in indexes to this page (11):
    • M. Tullius Cicero, De Officiis: index, Agrigentum
    • M. Tullius Cicero, De Officiis: index, Alexander
    • M. Tullius Cicero, De Officiis: index, Demetrius Poliorcetes
    • M. Tullius Cicero, De Officiis: index, Fear
    • M. Tullius Cicero, De Officiis: index, Leuctra
    • M. Tullius Cicero, De Officiis: index, Love
    • M. Tullius Cicero, De Officiis: index, Macedonians
    • M. Tullius Cicero, De Officiis: index, Phalaris
    • M. Tullius Cicero, De Officiis: index, Pyrrhus
    • M. Tullius Cicero, De Officiis: index, Roman
    • M. Tullius Cicero, De Officiis: index, Sparta
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