But as the classification of discourse is a twofold 1
one—conversation, on the one side; oratory, on
the other—there can be no doubt that of the two
this debating power (for that is what we mean by
eloquence) counts for more toward the attainment of
glory; and yet, it is not easy to say how far an affable
and courteous manner in conversation may go toward
winning the affections. We have, for instance, the
letters of Philip to Alexander, of Antipater to Cassander, and of Antigonus to Philip the Younger.
The authors of these letters were, as we are informed, three of the wisest men in history; and in
them they instruct their sons to woo the hearts of
the populace to affection by words of kindness and
to keep their soldiers loyal by a winning address.
But the speech that is delivered in a debate before
an assembly often stirs the hearts of thousands at
once; for the eloquent and judicious speaker is received with high admiration, and his hearers think
him understanding and wise beyond all others. And,
if his speech have also dignity combined with moderation, he will be admired beyond all measure,
especially if these qualities are found in a young man.