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[4] The essence of analogy is the testing of all subjects of doubt by the application of some standard of comparison about which there is no question, the proof that is to say of the uncertain by reference to the certain. This can be done in two different ways: by comparing similar words, paying special attention to their final syllables [p. 115] (hence monosyllables are asserted to lie outside the domain of analogy1) and by the study of diminutives.

1 sc. because two monosyllables, unless identical, cannot have the same final syllable.

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