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As to the material of oratory, some have asserted that it is speech, as for instance Gorgias1 in the dialogue of Plato. If this view be accepted in the sense that the word “speech” is used of a discourse composed on any subject, then it is not the material, but the work, just as a statue is the work of the sculptor. For speeches like statues require art for their production. If on the other hand we interpret “speech” as indicating the words themselves, they can do nothing unless they are related to facts. Some again hold that the material consists of persuasive arguments. But they form part of the work, are produced by art and require material themselves.

1 Gorg. 449 E.

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