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[47] Athenaeus laid down that there were four bases: the προτρεπτικὴ or παρορμητική, that is, the hortative, which is peculiar to deliberative themes; the συντελική1 which is shown to be the conjectural, not so much from the name itself, but from what [p. 435] follows; the ὑπαλλακτική or definitive, for it consists in a change of terms.2; and the juridical to which he gives the name employed by other Greek writers.3

1 συντελική lit. = contributory.

2 The defendant admits the act, but gives it a different name, e.g. theft, not sacrilege. ὑπαλλακτική = changing.

3 δικαιολογικός

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