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[50] Cicero1 again in his Rhetorica makes the number of bases to be four, namely those concerned with fact, names, kinds, and legal action, that is to say conjecture is concerned with fact, definition with names, quality with kinds, and law with action: under this latter head of law he included questions of competence. But in another passage he treats2 legal questions as a species of action.

Some writers have held that there are five bases:

1 de Inv. I. viii. 10.

2 Part. Or. 31 and 38.

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