have however been nearer the truth in their censure
of certain other faults that may occur in the exordium.
The stock exordium
which can be suited to a number
of different cases they style vulgar;
it is an unpopular
form but can sometimes be effectively employed and
has often been adopted by some of the greatest orators.
which might equally well be used by
our opponent, they style common.
That which our
opponent can turn to his own advantage, they call
that which is irrelevant to the case,
and that which is drawn from some other
In addition to these they
censure others as long
and others as contrary to rule.
Most of these faults are however not peculiar to the
but may be found in any or every portion
of a speech.