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[5] As regards the epicheieme, some authorities hold that it consists of four, five, and even six parts. Cicero1 urges that there are not more than five at most, i.e. the major premise and its reason, the minor premise and its proof, and fifthly the conclusion. But since at times the major premise does not require a reason nor the minor a proof, while occasionally even the conclusion is not necessary, he holds that the epicheireme may consist of only four, three, or even two parts.

1 de Inv. I. xxxvii. 67.

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