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[4] Some have called this form of reflexion a part of the enthymeme, others the major premise or conclusion of the epichireme, as it sometimes, though not invariably, is. More correct is the statement that at times it is simple, as in the example just quoted, while at other times a reason for the statement may be added,1 such as the following:2 “For in every struggle, the stronger seems not to suffer wrong, even when this is actually the case, but to inflict it, simply in virtue of his superior power.” Sometimes, again, it may be double, as in the statement that

Complaisance wins us friends, truth enmity.

Ter. Andr. I. i. 41.
There are some even who classify them under ten3 heads, though the principle on which they make this division is such that it would justify a still larger number: they class them as based on interrogation, comparison, denial, similarity, admiration, and the like, for they can be treated under every [p. 285] kind of figure. A striking type is that which is produced by opposition:

Death is not bitter, but the approach to death.

Author unknown.
Others are cast in a form of a direct statement,

1 The premises of the enthymeme are simple, while those of the epichireme are supported by a reason. See v. xiv.

2 Sall. Jug. 10.

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