to proceed, figures of speech fall into two main
classes. One is defined as the form of language,
while the other is mainly to be sought in the
arrangement of words. Both are equally applicable
in oratory, but we may style the former rather more
grammatical and the latter more rhetorical.1
The former originates from the same sources as
errors of language. For every figure of this kind
would be an error, if it were accidental and not
1 These grammatical figures would not be styled “figures
of speech” in English. “Figures of language” would
perhaps be more comprehensive, but “figures of speech” is
the translation and direct descendant of the original Greek
σχήματαλέξεως and has therefore been used throughout.
Quintilian. With An English Translation. Harold Edgeworth Butler. Cambridge. Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann, Ltd. 1922.
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