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[97] Irony also is frequently employed in this connexion. But by far the most artistic device [p. 437] is to indicate one thing by allusion to another; take the case where a rival candidate speaks against an ex-tyrant who had abdicated on condition of his receiving an amnesty1: “I am not permitted to speak against you. Do you speak against me, as you may. But a little while ago I wished to kill you.”

1 An example of this theme is preserved in the elder Seneca, Excerpt. controv. 5, 8. One candidate is permitted to speak against another. A tyrant has abdicated on condition of an amnesty and that any one who charged him with having been a tyrant should be liable to capital punishment. The ex-tyrant stands for a magistracy. The rival candidate speaks against him. The irony is in the last sentence.

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