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[55] Sometimes the breath, although capable of sustained effort and sufficiently full and clear, lacks firmness when exerted, had for that reason is liable to become tremulous, like bodies which, although to all appearances sound, receive insufficient support from the sinews. This the Greeks call βρασμός.1 There are some too who, owing to the loss of teeth, do not draw in the breath naturally, but suck it in with a hissing sound. There are others who pant incessantly and so loudly that it is perfectly audible within them: they remind one of heavily-laden beasts of burden straining against the yoke.

1 βράγχος is generally read, but the word is used in the sense of “hotrseness,” which is not what Quintilian describes. I would read βρασμός, a word meaning “effervescence,” “shaking,” “shivering.” Here = tremolo.

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