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[2] Cyrus took his name from Cyrus of old,1 who, as they say, was named from the sun; for ‘Cyrus’ is the Persian word for sun. Artaxerxes was at first called Arsicas; although Deinon gives the name as Oarses. But it is unlikely that Ctesias, even if be has put into his work a perfect farrago of extravagant and incredible tales, should be ignorant of the name of the king at whose court he lived as physician to the king's wife and mother and children.

1 Cyrus the Elder, 559-529 B.C.

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