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[6] However, in my opinion, such cruelties were first practised by the Spartans in later times, particularly after the great earthquake,1 when the Helots and Messenians together rose up against them, wrought the widest devastation in their territory, and brought their city into the greatest peril. I certainly cannot ascribe to Lycurgus so abominable a measure as the ‘krupteia,’ judging of his character from his mildness and justice in all other instances. To this the voice of the god also bore witness.2

1 464 B.C. Cf. Plutarch's Cimon, xvi.

2 See chapter v. 3.

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