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Events bore witness to his wisdom, for in the many great reverses which the city suffered at that period he had absolutely no share. It was under the leadership of Calliades1 and Xenophon that his countrymen met defeat at the hands of the Chalcidians in Thrace; the Aetolian disaster occurred when Demosthenes was in command;2 Hippocrates was general when a thousand citizens were sacrificed at Delium;3 and for the plague Pericles incurred the most blame, because he shut up the throng from the country in the city on account of the war, and the plague was the result of their change of abode and their unwonted manner of living.4

1 An error for Callias, who lost his life before Potidaea in 432 B.C. (;Thuc. 3.63). In 429, Xenophon was defeated and killed, with his two colleagues (;Thuc. 2.79).

2 In 426 B.C. (;Thuc. 3.91-98).

3 In 424 B.C. (;Thuc. 4.89-101).

4 Cf. Plut. Per. 34.3 f.

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