Philip had a design to sack Olynthus and Methone,
and in trying to pass the River Sandanus, was shot in the
eye with an arrow by one Aster, an Olynthian, with these
words: It is Aster that sends Philip this mortal shaft.
Philip upon this swam back again to his own people, and
with the loss of an eye saved his life.—Callisthenes, in
his Third Book of the Macedonics.
Porsena made war upon the Romans, and pitched his
camp on the further side of the Tiber, where he intercepted
all relief, till they were pinched with famine. Horatius
Codes, being chosen general, took possession of the wooden bridge, where he opposed himself to the enemy that
were pressing to come over; but finding himself overpowered with numbers, he commanded his people to cut
down the bridge behind him, by which means he hindered
them from coming over. But in the mean time receiving
a wound in his eye, he threw himself into the river, and
swam over to his own party.—So Theotimus in the Second
Book of his Italian History.