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WHETHER THE AFFECTIONS OF THE SOUL ARE WORSE THAN THOSE OF THE BODY (ANIMINE AN CORPORIS AFFECTIONES SINT PEIORES)This popular oration, or diatribe,1 was read by Plutarch2 in some city of Asia Minor : Volkmann3 thought Sardis, the capital of the province ; Haupt4 thought Halicarnassus ; Wilamowitz5 Ephesus. The occasion is clearly the consul's yearly hearing of lawsuits from the whole province. The proof that afflictions of the soul are worse than diseases of the body is treated in a popular and, in chapter 4, dramatic manner. The conclusion is lost. The same subject was treated in his commonplace fashion by Maximus Tyrius,6 who shows no knowledge of Plutarch's oration, nor any relation to his sources ; Cicero, however, at the beginning of the third book of the Tusculan Disputations, exhibits some kinship with Plutarch's argument. Siefert7 has twice elaborated his opinion that some of this work of [p. 379] Plutarch's was drawn from the ὑπόμνημα (I should prefer to say ὑπομνήματα 8) which Plutarch used in writing De Tranquillitate. The text is not good. The work is listed as No. 208 in the Lamprias catalogue.
1 So Pohlenz, as I think, correctly: I therefore do not accept Wilamowitz's combination of this and the preceding work as fragments of the same dialogue.
2 Xylander, practically alone, denies the genuineness - on what ground he does not say.
3 Plutarch, vol. i. 62 f.
4 Opuscula, iii. 554 (Hermes, vi. 258).
5 Hermes, xl. 161 ff.
6 Orat. 7 ed. Hobein, 13 ed. Dübner.
8 See the introduction to the De Tranquillitate.