EUPHRATES is a river of Parthia, washing the walls of
Babylon, formerly called Medus from Medus the son of
Artaxeres. He, in the heat of his lust, having ravished
away and deflowered Roxane, and finding he was sought
after by the king, in order to be brought to punishment,
threw himself into the river Xaranda, which from thenceforward was called by his name Medus. Afterwards it
was called Euphrates upon this occasion.
Euphrates the son of Arandacus, finding his son Axurta
abed with his mother, and thinking him to be some one of
the citizens, provoked by his jealousy, drew his sword and
nailed him to the bed. But perceiving himself the author
of what could not be recalled, he flung himself for grief
into the river Medus, which from that time forward was
called by his name Euphrates.
In this river grows a stone called aetites, which midwives applying to the navels of women that are in hard
labor, it causes them to bring forth with little pain.
In the same river also there grows an herb which is
called axalla, which signifies heat. This herb they that
are troubled with quartan-agues apply to their breasts,
and are presently delivered from the fit;—as Chrysermus
writes in his Thirteenth Book of Rivers.
Near this river lies the mountain Drimylus, where grows
a stone not unlike a sardonyx, worn by kings and princes
upon their diadems, and greatly available against dimness
of sight;–as Nicias Mallotes writes in his Book of