OF THE ESSENCE OF THE MOON.
ANAXIMANDER affirms that the circle of the moon is nineteen times bigger than the earth, and resembles the sun, its
orb being full of fire; and it suffers an eclipse when the
wheel turneth,—which he describes by the divers turnings
of a chariot-wheel, in the midst of it there being a hollow
replenished with fire, which hath but one way of expiration. Xenophanes, that it is a condensed cloud. The
Stoics, that it is mixed of fire and air. Plato, that it is
a body of the greatest part earthy. Anaxagoras and
Democritus, that it is a solid, condensed, and fiery body, in
which there are champaign countries, mountains, and valleys. Heraclitus, that it is an earth covered with a cloud.
Pythagoras, that the body of the moon was of a nature
like a mirror.