WHAT IS THE CAUSE OF THE WORLD'S INCLINATION.
DIOGENES and Anaxagoras affirm that, after the world
was composed and the earth had produced living creatures,
the world out of its own propensity made an inclination
towards the south. Perhaps this may be attributed to a
wise Providence (they say), that thereby some parts of the
world may be habitable, others uninhabitable, according as
the various climates are affected with a rigorous cold, or a
scorching heat, or a just temperament of cold and heat.
Empedocles, that the air yielding to the impetuous force
of the solar rays, the pole received an inclination; whereby the northern parts were exalted and the southern depressed, by which means the whole world received its