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Lament and Inscription

Lament for the Athenians Who Fell in Sicily

“After their defeat and destruction Euripides composed a lament or epitaph:

These men won eight victories over the Syracusans when the favour of the Gods was equal for both sides.

Plutarch Life of Nicias
“According to Eparchides, the poet Euripides was once staying in the isle of Icaros, when a certain woman and her children, two grown-up sons and one unmarried daughter, all died of poisonous mushrooms which they ate in the fields, whereupon he composed the following inscription:

O Sun whose path lies through the unaging vault of heaven, did thy eye ever behold so sad a thing as a mother and a maiden daughter and two sons perishing on the same destined day?1

Athenaeus Doctors at Dinner [on mushrooms]

1 for examples of E.'s use of Elegy in tragedy see Eur. Andr. 103 ff. and Lyra Graeca iii. 663, and for the lyric poem to Alcibiades Ibid. 240

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