But, first of all, I will speak about the habit of drinking strong drinks, with reference to which we find the word ζωρότερον. Antiphanes, in his Milanion, says—
I think this man does drink the cup of health,And in his Lampon he says—
Making his cupbearer shun too much water (ζωροτέρῳ χρώμενον οἰνοχόῳ).
My friend Iapyx, mix it somewhat stronger (εὐζωρέστερον).And Ephippus, in his Ephebi, says—
He gave him in each hand a brimming flagon,And you find some people say that the expression in Homer— ζωρὸς is derived from [p. 668] ζωτικὸς (giving life), and from ζέσις (boiling);—for that, as there were companions present, it would have been absurd to begin mixing the cups of wine over again. But some say that the word is to be understood as equivalent to εὔκρατον (well-mixed); just as we find the form δεξιτερὸν used instead of δεξιόν. And some say that, since the year is called ὧρος, and since the particle ζα indicates magnitude or number, ζῶρος means merely what has been made many years. And Diphilus, in his Pederastæ, says—
Mixing in strong wine (ζωρότερον), in Homer's fashion.
Pour me now out a cup of wine to drink;And Theophrastus, in his treatise on Drinking, says that ζωρότερον means mixed; quoting the following lines of Empedocles;—
Give it, by Jove! εὐζωρότερον than that;
For wat'ry things are ruinous to the stomach.
And soon the things which formerly they learnt
Immortal were, did mortal now become,
And things unmix'd before became now mix'd (ζωρὰ,）
Changing their previous ways and habits all.