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But I imagine that Simonides of Amorgus is the first poet who has spoken of drinking cups (ποτήρια) by name in his iambics, thus—
The cups away did lead him from the table.
And the author of the poem called the Alcmæonis says—
He placed the corpses lowly on the shore
On a broad couch of leaves; and by their side
A dainty feast he spread, and brimming cups,
And garlands on their noble temples wreathed.
And the word ποτήριον comes from πόσις, drink, as the Attic word ἔκπωμα also does; but they form the word with ω, as they also say ὑδροπωτέω, to drink water, and οἰνοπωτέω, to drink wine. Aristophanes, in his Knights, says—
A stupid serpent drinking deep of blood (αἱματοπώτης).
But he also says in the same play—
Much then did Bacis use the cup (ποτήριον).
And Pherecrates, in his Tyranny, says—
One is better than a thousand cups (ποτήρια).
And Anacreon said—
I am become a wine-bibber (οἰνοπώτης).
And the verb occurs also in the same poet, for he says οἰνοποτάζων. And Sappho, in her second Ode, says—
And many countless cups (ποτήρια), O beauteous Iphis.
And Alcæus says—
And from the cups (ποτηρία). . . . .
And in Achaia Ceres is honoured under the title of δημήτηρ ποτηριοφόρος, in the territories of the Antheans, as Autocrates informs us in the second book of his History of Achaia.

[p. 727]

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