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And the custom was, to put the water into the cup first, and the wine afterwards. Accordingly, Xenophanes says— [p. 738]
And never let a man a goblet take,
And first pour in the wine; but let the water
Come first, and after that, then add the wine.
And Anacreon says—
Bring me water -bring me wine,
Quick, O boy; and bring, besides,
Garlands, rich with varied flowers;
And fill the cup, that I may not
Engage in hopeless strife with love.
And before either of them Hesiod had said—
Pour in three measures of the limpid stream,
Pure from an everflowing spring; and then
Add a fourth cup of sacred rosy wine.
And Theophrastus says—“The ancient fashion of the mixture of wine was quite opposite to the way in which it is managed at the present day; for they were not accustomed to pour the water on the wine, but the wine on the water, in order, when drinking, not to have their liquor too strong, and in order also, when they had drunk to satiety, to have less desire for more. And they also consumed a good deal of this liquor, mixed as it was, in the game of the cottabus.”

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