And Sosicrates, in his Philadelphi, says—
A gentle breeze mocking the curling waves,And Phrynichus, in his Revellers, says–
Sciron's fair daughter, gently on its course
Brought with a noiseless foot the cantharus;
here cantharus evidently means a boat.
And then Chærestratus, in his own abode,And Nicostratus, in his Calumniator, says—
Working with modest zeal, did weep each day
A hundred canthari well fill'd with wine.
A. Is it a ship of twenty banks of oars,And Menander, in his Captain of a Ship, says—
Or a swan, or a cantharus? For when
I have learnt that, I then shall be prepared
Myself t' encounter everything.
B. It is
A cycnocantharus, an animal
Compounded carefully of each.
A. Leaving the salt depths of the Aegean sea,And a few lines afterwards he says—
Theophilus has come to us, O Strato.
How seasonably now do I say your son
Is in a prosperous and good condition,
And so's that golden cantharus.
B. What cantharus?
A. Your vessel.
B. You say my ship is safe?And Polemo, in his treatise on Painters, addressed to Antigonus, says—"At Athens, at the marriage of Pirithous, [p. 756] Hippeus made a wine jug and goblet of stone, inlaying its edges with gold. And he provided also couches of pinewood placed on the ground, adorned with coverlets of every sort, and for drinking cups there were canthari made of earthenware. And moreover, the lamp which was suspended from the roof, had a number of lights all kept distinct from one another. And that this kind of cup got its name originally from Cantharus a potter, who invented it, Philetærus tells us in his Achilles—
A. Indeed I do,
That gallant ship which Callicles did build,
And which the Thurian Euphranor steer'd.
Peleus—but Peleus1 is a potter's name,And that cantharus is also the name of a piece of female ornament, we may gather from Antiphanes in his Bœotia.
The name of some dry withered lamp-maker,
Known too as Cantharus, exceeding poor,
Far other than a king, by Jove.