With respect to Mushrooms.—Aristias says—
The stony soil produced no mushrooms.And Poliochus has the following passage—
Each of us twice a day received to eatAnd Antiphanes says—
Some small dark maize well winnow'd from the chaff,
And carefully ground; and also some small figs.
Meantime some of the party would begin
And roast some mushrooms; and perhaps would catch
Some delicate snails if 'twas a dewy morning,
And vegetables which spontaneous grew.
Then, too, we'd pounded olives; also wine
Of no great strength, and no very famous vintage.
Our supper is but maize well fenced roundAnd a few lines afterwards he goes on—
With chaff, so as not to o'erstep the bounds
Of well-devised economy. An onion,
A few side-dishes, and a sow-thistle,
A mushroom, or what wild and tasteless roots
The place affords us in our poverty.
Such is our life, not much exposed to fevers
For no one, when there's meat, will eat of thyme,
Not even the pupils of Pythagoras.
For which of us can know the future, or[p. 100] Cephisodorus, the pupil of Isocrates, in the treatise which he wrote against Aristotle (and there are four books of it), reproaches the philosopher for not having thought it worth his while to collect proverbs, though Antiphanes had made an entire play which was called Proverbs: from which play he produces these lines—
The fate that shall our various friends befall
Take now these mushrooms and for dinner roast them,
Which I've just picked beneath the maple shade.
For I, if I eat any of your dishes,
Seem as if I was on raw mushrooms feeding,
Or unripe apples, fit to choke a man.