Now the carides were so called from the word κόρα, head. For the head takes up the greater part of them. But the Attic writers also use the word short in the same manner, in analogy with the quantity of κάρα, it being, as I said, called cars because of the size of its head; and so, as γραφὶς is derived from γραφὴ, and βολὶς from βολὴ, in like manner is καρὶς from κάρα. But when the penultima is made long the last syllable also is made long, and then the word is like ψηφὶς, and κρηπὶς, and τευθίς. But concerning these shell-fish, Diphilus the Siphnian writes, “Of all shell-fish the caris, and astacus, and carabus, and carcinus, and lion, being all of the same genus, are distinguished by some differences. And the lion is larger than the astacus; and the carabi are called also grapsæi; but they are more fleshy than the carcini; but the carcinus is heavy and indigestible.” But Mnesitheus the Athenian, in his treatise on Comestibles, says, “Carabi and carcini and carides, and such like; these are all indigestible, but still not nearly so much so as other fish: and they are better and more wholesome roast than boiled.” But Sophron in his Gynæcea calls carides courides, saying—
Behold the dainty courides, my friend.And Epicharmus in his Land and Sea says—
And see these lobsters; see how red they are,
How smooth and glossy is their hair and coats.
And red-skinned courides.And in his Logos and Logina he spells the word κωρίδες with an ω—
Oily anchovies, crooked corides.And Simonides says—
Beet-root with thunnies, and with gudgeons corides.