But the scindapsus is an instrument of four strings, as Matron the parodist says in the following lines—
Nor did they hang it upon pegs where hungAnd Theopompus the Colophonian likewise mentions it, the Epic poet, I mean, in his poem entitled the Chariot—
The sweet scindapsus with its fourfold strings,
Joy of the woman who the distaff hates.
Shaking the large and lyre-toned scindapsus,Anaxilas, too, in his Lyre Maker, says—
Made of young tamarisk, in his skilful hand.
But I was making three-string'd barbiti,But Sopater the parodist, in his poem entitled “The Initiated,” says that the pectis is an instrument with two strings, saying—
Pectides, citharæ, lyres, and scindapsi.
The pectis, proud of its barbaric muse,The instrument called pariambis is mentioned by Epicharmus, in his Periallus, in this way—
With its two strings was placed within my hand.
But Semele doth dance and he doth singNow it was Alexander of Cythera, according to the account given by Juba, who completed the psaltery with its full number of strings. And he, when he had grown old in the city of the Ephesians, suspended this instrument in the temple of Diana, as being the most skilful invention he had made with reference to his art. Juba mentions also the lyrophœnix and the Epigonius, which, though now it is transformed into the upright psaltery, still preserves the name of the man who was the first to use it. But Epigonius was by birth an Ambraciot, but he was subsequently made a citizen of Sicyon. And he was a man of great skill in music, so that he played the lyre with his bare hand without a plectrum. For the Alexandrians have great experience and skill in all the above-named instruments and kinds of flutes. . And whichever of them you wish me to try, I will exhibit my own skill before you, though there are many others in my country more musical and skilful than I am. [p. 285]
Tunefully on his pariambis lyre,
And she rejoices at the rapid song.