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ψυχή 1 ψύχω

I.breath, Lat. anima, esp. as the sign of life, the life, spirit, Hom., etc.; ψυχή τε μένος τε ψυχή τε καὶ αἰών, ψυχὴ καὶ θυμός Hom.; τὸν δ᾽ ἔλιπε ψυχή, of one swooning, Il.; ψυχὴν παρθέμενος staking or risking one's life, Od.; so, ἐμὴν ψυχὴν παραβαλλόμενος Il.; περὶ ψυχῆς for one's life, i. e. to save it, Od.; μάχεσθαι, θέειν περὶ ψυχῆς Hom.; τρέχειν περὶ ψυχῆς Hdt.; περὶ τῆς ψυχῆς ἀγών the struggle is for life and death, Soph.; ποινὴν τῆς Αἰσώπου ψυχῆς ἀνελέσθαι to take revenge for the life of Aesop, Hdt.; ψυχὴν ἀφιέναι to give up the ghost, Eur.
II.the departed soul, spirit, ghost, Hom.
2.the soul or spirit of man, Lat. anima, opp. to σῶμα, Plat., Xen.:— ψυχή τινος, periphr. for the man himself, Soph.; also ψυχαί, souls, = ἄνθρωποι, Aesch., Ar.:—hence in addressing persons, μελέα ψυχή Soph.; ἀγαθὴ καὶ πιστὴ ψ. Xen.; πᾶσα ψυχὴ ὑποτασσέσθω let every soul be subject, NTest.
3.the soul, heart, ψυχὴν ἄριστε Ar.; ἐκ τῆς ψυχῆς with all the heart, Xen.
4.appetite, δοῦναί τι τῇ ψυχῇ, like Lat. indulgere animo, Aesch.
III.the soul, mind, understanding, ψυχὴν οὐκ ἄκρος Hdt.

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