previous next
23. Several1 portents occurred this year and, with the view of averting them, the senate passed a decree that special intercessions should be offered for two days. [2] The wine and incense were provided at the public cost, and both men and women attended the religious functions in great numbers. [3] This time of special observance was rendered memorable by a quarrel which broke out amongst the matrons in the chapel of the Patrician Pudicitia, which is in the Forum Boarium, against the round temple of Hercules.

[4] Verginia, the daughter of Aulus Verginius, a patrician, had married the plebeian consul, L. Volumnius, and the matrons excluded her from their sacred rites because she had married outside the patriciate. This led to a brief altercation, which, as the women became excited, soon blazed up into a storm of passion. [5] Verginia protested with perfect truth that she entered the temple of Pudicitia as a patrician and a pure woman, the wife of one man to whom she had been betrothed as a virgin, and she had nothing to be ashamed of in her husband or in his honourable career and the offices which he had held. [6] The effect of her high-spirited language was considerably enhanced by her subsequent action. In the Vicus Longus, where she lived, she shut off a portion of her house, sufficient to form a moderately sized chapel, and set up an altar there. [7] She then called the plebeian matrons together and told them how unjustly she had been treated by the patrician ladies. ‘I am dedicating,’ she said,‘this altar to the Plebeian Pudicitia, and I earnestly exhort you as matrons to show the same [8??] spirit of emulation on the score of chastity that the men of this City display with regard to courage, so that this altar may, if possible, have the reputation of being honoured with a holier observance and by purer worshippers than that of the patricians.’ [9] The ritual and ceremonial practised at this altar was almost identical with that at the older one; no matron was allowed to sacrifice there whose moral character was not well attested, and who had had more than one husband. [10] Afterwards it was polluted by the presence of women of every kind, not matrons only, and finally passed into oblivion.

The curule aediles, Cnaeus and Quintus Ogulnius, brought up several money-lenders for trial this year. [11] The proportion of their fines which was paid into the treasury was devoted to various public objects; the wooden thresholds of the Capitol were replaced by bronze, silver vessels were made for the three tables in the shrine of Jupiter, and a statue of the god himself, seated in a four-horsed chariot, was set up on the roof. [12] They also placed near the Ficus Ruminalis2 a group representing the Founders of the City as infants being suckled by the she-wolf. The street leading from the Porta Capena to the temple of Mars was paved, under their instructions, with stone slabs.

[13] Some graziers were also prosecuted for exceeding the number of cattle allowed them on the public land, and the plebeian aediles, L. Aelius Paetus and C. Fulvius Curvus, spent the money derived from their fines on public games and a set of golden bowls to be placed in the temple of Ceres.

1 Affairs in the City.

2 See Vol. I. p. 6.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

load focus Notes (W. Weissenborn, H. J. Müller, 1898)
load focus Summary (English, Benjamin Oliver Foster, Ph.D., 1926)
load focus Summary (Latin, W. Weissenborn, H. J. Müller, 1898)
load focus Summary (Latin, Benjamin Oliver Foster, Ph.D., 1926)
load focus English (Benjamin Oliver Foster, Ph.D., 1926)
load focus Latin (Benjamin Oliver Foster, Ph.D., 1926)
load focus Latin (Charles Flamstead Walters, Robert Seymour Conway, 1919)
load focus Latin (W. Weissenborn, H. J. Müller, 1898)
load focus English (D. Spillan, A.M., M.D., Cyrus Evans, 1849)
hide Places (automatically extracted)

View a map of the most frequently mentioned places in this document.

Visualize the most frequently mentioned Pleiades ancient places in this text.

Download Pleiades ancient places geospacial dataset for this text.

hide References (89 total)
  • Commentary references to this page (14):
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita libri, erklärt von M. Weissenborn, books 31-32, commentary, 31.50
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita libri, erklärt von M. Weissenborn, books 33-34, commentary, 33.25
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita libri, erklärt von M. Weissenborn, books 33-34, commentary, 33.45
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita libri, erklärt von M. Weissenborn, books 33-34, commentary, 34.1
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita libri, erklärt von M. Weissenborn, books 33-34, commentary, 34.5
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita libri, erklärt von M. Weissenborn, books 35-38, commentary, 35.41
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita libri, erklärt von M. Weissenborn, books 35-38, commentary, 36.26
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita libri, erklärt von M. Weissenborn, books 35-38, commentary, 37.10
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita libri, erklärt von M. Weissenborn, books 35-38, commentary, 38.24
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita libri, erklärt von M. Weissenborn, books 35-38, commentary, 38.28
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita libri, erklärt von M. Weissenborn, books 35-38, commentary, 38.35
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita libri, erklärt von M. Weissenborn, books 39-40, commentary, 40.51
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita libri, erklärt von M. Weissenborn, books 41-42, commentary, 41.27
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita libri, erklärt von M. Weissenborn, books 41-42, commentary, 42.41
  • Cross-references to this page (57):
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, Ludi
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, Lupa
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, Mars
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, Matrona
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, Mulctaticia
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, Muliebris
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, Cn. Ogulnius
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, Patera
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, Patricii
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, Pecuarii
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, Pecunia
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, Porta
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, Pudisitias
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, Quadrigae
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, Sacella
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, Semita
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, Simulacra
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, Supplicatio
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, Templum
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, Tus
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, Aedes Aesculapii Carthagine
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, Aediles
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, Ara
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, L. Aelius Paetus
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, Vasa
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, Verginia
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, Vicus
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, Vinum
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, Capena
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, Capitolium
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, Comitia
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, C. Fulvius Curvus
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, Feneratores
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, Ficus
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, Forum
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, Hercules
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, Interregnum
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, Iudicia publica
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, Iupiter
    • A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities (1890), AEDI´LES
    • A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities (1890), AGRA´RIAE LEGES
    • A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities (1890), CERIA´LIA
    • A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities (1890), COMIT´IA
    • A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities (1890), GENS
    • A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities (1890), MATRIMO´NIUM
    • A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities (1890), SACELLUM
    • A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities (1890), SCRIPTU´RA
    • A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities (1890), SUPPLICA´TIO
    • A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities (1890), VIAE
    • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), ROMA
    • Smith's Bio, Fu'lvius
    • Smith's Bio, Heracles or HERCULES
    • Smith's Bio, MARS
    • Smith's Bio, Q. Ogu'lnius and Cn. Ogu'lnius
    • Smith's Bio, Paetus, Ae'lius
    • Smith's Bio, Pudici'tia
    • Smith's Bio, Virgi'nia
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries to this page (18):
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: