Nor was the war with the Ligures in Italy any slower to begin. Pisa was already besieged by about forty thousand men, large numbers daily pouring in by reason of the report of the war and in [p. 9]
the hope of booty.
The consul Minucius arrived at1
Arretium on the day on which he had ordered the troops to assemble.2
Thence he led the force in a hollow-square formation toward Pisa, and since the enemy had moved their camp across the river,3
no more than a mile from the town, the consul marched into the city that had without doubt been saved by his arrival.
The next day he too crossed the river and encamped about five hundred paces from the enemy.
From this base he defended the allies' country from ravage by fighting petty battles; he did not dare to march out in battle-line with raw troops, collected from many tribes and not yet well enough known to one another to feel confidence in their comrades.4
The Ligures both marched out to battle, trusting in their numbers and prepared to risk a decisive engagement, and, since they had abundance of men, sent out many parties to plunder in all directions on the borders of the territory,
and when a large number of animals and much booty had been collected, guards were available to conduct them to their forts and villages.