CHAP. 91.—SISYMBRIUM OR THYMBRÆUM: TWENTY-THREE
sisymbrium, by some persons called "thymbræum."
does not grow beyond a foot in height. The kind2
grows in watery places, is similar to nasturtium, and they3
are both of them efficacious for the stings of certain insects,
such as hornets and the like. That which grows in dry localities is odoriferous, and is employed4
for wreaths: the leaf
of it is narrower than in the other kind. They both of them
alleviate head-ache, and defluxions of the eyes, Philinus says.
Some persons, however, employ bread in addition; while
others, again, use a decoction of the plant by itself in wine
It is a cure, also, for epinyctis, and removes spots on the face
in females, by the end of four days; for which purpose, it is
applied at night and taken off in the day-time. It arrests
vomiting, hiccup, gripings, and fluxes of the stomach, whether
taken with the food, or the juice extracted and given in drink.
This plant, however, should never be eaten by pregnant
women, except in cases where the fœtus is dead, for the very
application of it is sufficient to produce abortion. Taken with
wine, it is diuretic, and the wild variety expels calculi even.
For persons necessitated to sit up awake, an infusion of it in
vinegar is applied as a liniment to the head.