CHAP. 17.—THE BLACK VINE, OTHERWISE CALLED BRYONA, CHIRONIA, GYNÆCANTHE, OR APRONIA: THIRTY-FIVE REMEDIES.
For there is also a black vine, properly known as the "bryonia,"1
though by some persons it is called the "chironia,"
and by others the "gynæcanthe," or "apronia." It differs only
from the one previously mentioned in its colour, which, as
is black. The shoots of this tree, which
resemble asparagus in appearance, are preferred by Diodes for
eating to real asparagus,3
as a diuretic and for its property of
reducing the spleen. It is found growing in shrubberies or
reed-beds more particularly. The root of it, which is black
outside, and of the colour of box within, is even more efficacious
for the extraction of splintered bones than the plant last mentioned; in addition to which, it has the property of being a
specific for excoriations of the neck in cattle. It is said, too,
that if a person plants it around a farm, it will be sure to
keep hawks away, and to preserve the poultry-yard4
safety. Attached to the ankles, it tends to disperse the blood,
congested or otherwise, which may have settled in those
parts of the body, whether in human beings or in beasts of
Thus much with reference to the various species of vines.