CHAP. 19.—MOLON OR SYRON. AMOMUM.
is a plant with a striated stem, a soft diminutive
leaf, and a root four fingers in length, at the extremity of
which there is a head like that of garlic; by some persons it
is known as "syron." Taken in wine, it is curative of affections of the stomach, and of hardness of breathing. For similar
purposes the greater centaury is used, in an electuary; juice
also of plantago, or else the plant itself, eaten with the food;
pounded betony, in the proportion of one pound to half an
ounce of Attic honey, taken daily in warm water; and aristolochia2
or agaric, taken in doses of three oboli, in warm water
or asses' milk.
For hardness of breathing an infusion of cissanthemos3
taken in drink, and for the same complaint, as also for asthma,
hyssop. For pains in the liver, chest, and side, if unattended
with fever, juice of peucedanum is used. For spitting of
blood agaric is employed, in doses of one victoriatus,4
and administered in five cyathi of honied. wine: amomum,5
too, is equally useful for that purpose. For liver diseases in
is taken fresh, in doses of four drachme
to one hemina of oxycrate; or else betony, in the proportion
of one drachma to three cyathi of warm water. For diseases
or the heart, betony is recommended, in doses of one drachma
to two cyathi of cold water. Juice of cinquefoil is remedial
for diseases of the liver and lungs, and for spitting of blood as
well as all internal affections of the blood. The two varieties
are wonderfully efficacious for liver complaints.
Patients who eat the plant called "capnos"8
bile by urine. Acoron9
is also remedial for diseases of the liver,
is useful for the thorax and the pectoral organs.