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2 Meaning, probably, that in the Egyptian language, the same word is used as signifying a "spit" and a "ray" of light; for it is generally agreed that the word "obeliscus" is of Greek origin.
3 He does not appear to have been identified; and the correct reading is doubtful.
4 Heliopolis, or On. See B. v. c. 11.
5 These figures or hieroglyphics did not denote the phonetic language of Egypt, but only formed a symbolical writing.
6 Perhaps the same as "Sesostris." The former reading is "Sothis."
7 Ajasson identifies him with Rameses III., a king of the eighteenth dynasty, who reigned B.C. 1561. This was also one of the names of Sesostris the Great.
8 The name of the bull divinity worshipped by the people of On, or Heliopolis; while by the people of Memphis it was known as Apis.
9 This, Hardouin says, was the same obelisk that was afterwards erected by Constantius, son of Constantine the Great, in the Circus Maximus at Rome; whence it was removed by Pope Sextus V., in the year 1588, to the Basilica of the Lateran.
10 This, Hardouin says, was the same obelisk that was afterwards erected by Constantius, son of Constantine the Great, in the Circus Maximus at Rome; whence it was removed by Pope Sextus V., in the year 1588, to the Basilica of the Lateran.
11 This name is probably mutilated: there are about twenty different readings of it.
12 This name is also very doubtful. One reading is "Eraph," and Hardouin attempts to identify him with the Pharaoh Hophra of Jeremiah, xliv. 30, the Ouafres of the Chronicle of Eusebius, and the Apries of Herodotus.
13 The Nectanabis, probably, of Plutarch, in his Life of Agesilaüs, and the Nectanebus of Nepos, in the Life of Chabrias.
14 Callixenus of Rhodes was a contemporary of Ptolemy Philadelphus, and was the author of a description of Alexandria, and of a catalogue of painters and sculptors.
15 Egyptian talents, probably. See. B. xxxiii. c. 15.
16 Evidently a stupendous monument, or rather aggregate of buildings, erected by Ptolemy II., Philadelphus, in memory of his wife and sister, Arsinoë. See B. xxxiv. c. 42.
18 See B. xvi. c. 76, and B. xxxv. c. 47.
19 Or Circus Maximus; in the Eleventh Region of the City. According to Kircher, it was this obelisk that Pope Sextus V. had disintereed, and placed before the church of the Madonna del Popolo.
20 There are sixteen various readings to this name.
21 Diogenes Laertius says that he arrived in Egypt in the reign of King Amasis.
22 Boscovich and Brotero would read here "eighty-two feet and three quarters," which is more in accordance with its height, as measured by Kircher.
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