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2 Now called the Khan of Tripotamo.
3 Now called Paleopoli. Here Epaminondas fell, fighting against the Spartans, B.C. 362.
4 In the N.E. of Arcadia. Its ruins are supposed to be those seen near the modern Chionia. It was in the vicinity of the lake of the same name, the scene of one of the labours of Hercules.
5 An important city: the modern Piali marks its site.
6 Built upon the ruins of the ancient Mantinea.
7 An ancient town mentioned by Homer, N.W. of Mantinea. The modern Kalpaki stands on its site.
8 Or Pheneus, on the N.W. of Arcadia. Phonia stands on its site.
9 Near Tegea; said to have been the birth-place of Evander. On the foundation of Megalopolis, it was nearly deserted, but was restored by Antoninus Pius. Its ruins are supposed to be those seen near the modern village of Thana, according to Ansart.
10 It being said to have been so called in compliment to Evander, a native, as above stated, of Palantium.
11 Founded by the advice of Epaminondas, after the battle of Leuctra, B.C. 371, near the frontiers of Messenia. The ruins of its theatre, once the largest in Greece, are the only remains of it now to be seen, near the modern village of Sinano.
12 It contained a famous temple of Æsculapius. Its ruins are to be seen near the village of Atzikolo. The exact site of Bucolion, which was near Megalopolis, is probably unknown, though Ansart says that the spot is called Troupiais. Of Carnion nothing is known.
13 The town of Parrhasia, which is mentioned by Homer, seems to have given name to the Parrhasian district. Leake thinks it to be the same as Lycosura.
14 On the river Ladon: its ruins are seen near the modern Vanena.
15 In the west of Arcadia, on the river Alpheus.
16 Or "Juno's Town." It was a place of great importance, situate on the lower Alpheus. Its remains are to be seen on a hill west of the village of Aianni, or St. John. They are very inconsiderable. Its wine was highly esteemed, and still maintains its ancient celebrity.
17 Of Pylæ, Pallene, Agree, and Epium, nothing appears to be known.
18 Or Cynætha, in the north of Arcadia, upon the Aroanian mountains, beyond the natural boundaries of Arcadia. The modern village of Kalavryta occupies its site; but there are scarcely any traces of its remains.
19 Or Lepreum, so called to distinguish it from Lepreum in Elis.
20 Nothing seems to be known of this Parthenium. Alea lay between Orchomenus and Stymphalus. Its ruins have been discovered in the dark valley of Skotini, a mile to the N.E. of the village of Buyati.
21 Its site has the modern name of Palæopyrgos. The sites of Enispe, mentioned by Homer, and Macistum, are unknown.
22 Or Cleitor, a famous town of Arcadia. Its ruins are to be seen on the plain of Kalzana, or Katzanes. One of the rivulets that ran past it still retains the name of Clitora.
23 Its ruins, few in number, but testifying its importance, are found near the modern village of Kleves, not far from Kurtesi. The Nemean games were celebrated in honour of Hercules in the grove of Nemea, between Cieonæ and Phlius.
24 From the village of Bembina there, mentioned by Strabo, and on which Koutzomati probably now stands.
25 Now called Olono. It received its name from the Centaur Pholus, accidentally slain by one of the poisoned arrows of Hercules.
26 The modern Zyria.
27 Nomiai and Hellenitza are modern names given to this mountain.
28 In the south of Arcadia. It is now called Roinon.
29 Or Artemisium, forming the boundary between Argolis and Arcadia. It is now called Turniki.
30 The pass by this mountain from Argolis to Tegea is still called Partheni.
31 Now called Zembi, according to Ansart.
32 The town of Nonacris stood at its foot. The river Styx took its rise in these mountains.
33 Now called the Landona.
34 The town now called Fonia, already mentioned by Pliny. The waters of its marshes were discharged by a subterranean passage, said to have been made by Hercules.
35 Now called the Dogana. The two principal heights of Mount Erymanthus are Olonos and Kalefoni.
36 The people of Aliphira, a town of Arcadia, in the district of Cynura. Considerable remains of it are still to be seen on the hill of Nerovitza.
37 The people of Abea, in Messenia.
38 people of Pyrgos, in Arcadia.
39 The people of Parorea, in Arcadia. Of the two next, nothing appears to be known.
40 The inhabitants of Typaneæ, in Elis.
41 The people of Thrius, in Elis, near Patræ.
42 The people of Tritia, in Achaia, now Chalanthistra.
43 Nero abolished the institutions of the Roman province of Achaia, which had been assigned to the Roman senate, and governed by a proconsul, granting it its liberty. Vespasian, however, again established the provincial government, and compelled the Greeks to pay a yearly tribute.
44 Now Vostitza.
45 See p. 281.
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