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1125. The article may be used with cardinal numerals

a. When the numeral states the definite part of a whole (expressed or understood): ἀπῆσαν τῶν λόχων δώδεκα ὄντων οἱ τρεῖς of the companies, numbering twelve (in all), there were absent three X. H. 7.5.10, εἷς παρὰ τοὺς δέκα one man in (comparison with) ten X. O. 20.16, ““τῶν πέντε τὰ_ς δύο μοίπα_ςtwo fifthsT. 1.10, δύο μέρη two thirds 3. 15. (The genitive is omitted when the denominator exceeds the numerator by one.)

b. When the numeral is approximate: ““ἔμειναν ἡμέρα_ς ἀμφὶ τὰ_ς τριά_κονταthey remained about thirty daysX. A. 4.8.22, ““γεγονότες τὰ πεντήκοντα ἔτηabout fifty years of ageX. C. 1.2.13.

c. When the number is used abstractly (without reference to any definite object): ““ὅπως μὴ ἐρεῖς ὅτι ἔστιν τὰ δώδεκα δὶς ἕξbeware of saying 12 is twice 6P. R. 337b.

N. Ordinals usually omit the article and regularly do so in statements of time in the dative (1540): ““δευτέρῳ μηνὶ τὴν πόλιν ἐτείχιζονin the second month they fortified the cityT. 8.64.

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  • Cross-references to this page (1):
    • Raphael Kühner, Bernhard Gerth, Ausführliche Grammatik der griechischen Sprache, KG 1.4.2
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