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1172. Adjectives of Place.—When used in the predicate position (1168) ἄκρος (high) means the top of, μέσος (middle) means the middle of, ἔσχατος (extreme) means the end of. Cp. summus, medius, extremus.

Attributive PositionPredicate Position
τὸ ἄκρον ὅρος the lofty mountainἄκρον τὸ ὄρος )the top of
τὸ ὄρος ἄκρον )the mountain
μέση ἀγορά_ the central marketμέση ἀγορά_ )the centre of
ἀγορὰ_ μέση )the market
ἐσχάτη νῆσος the farthest islandἐσχάτη νῆσος )the verge of
νῆσος ἐσχάτη )the island

Thus, περὶ ἄκραις ταῖς χερσὶ χειρῖδες gloves on the fingers (points of the hands) X. C. 8.8.17, ““διὰ μέσου τοῦ παραδείσου ῥεῖflows through the middle of the parkX. A. 1.2.7. The meaning of the predicate position is also expressed by (τὸ) ἄκρον τοῦ ὄρους, (τὸ) μέσον τῆς ἀγορᾶς, etc.

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  • Cross-references to this page (1):
    • Raphael Kühner, Bernhard Gerth, Ausführliche Grammatik der griechischen Sprache, KG 1.4.2
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