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1687. ἐν in (poetic ἐνί, εἰν, εἰνί), Lat. in with the abl., en-; opposed to εἰς into, ἐξ out of. On ἐν with the genitive by ellipsis, see 1302.

1. ἐν with the Dative (Locative) only

a. Local: in, at, near, by, on, among: ““ἐν Σπάρτῃin SpartaT. 1.128, ““ ἐν Κορίνθῳ μάχηthe battle at CorinthX. Ages. 7.5, ““πόλις οἰκουμένη ἐν τῷ Εὐξείνῳ πόντῳa city built on the EuxineX. A. 4.8.22, ἐν τῇ κλί_νῃ ἑστηκώς standing upon the bed L. 1.24 (ἐν of superposition is rare), ““νόμοι ἐν πᾶσιν εὐδόκιμοι τοῖς Ἕλλησινlaws famous among all the GreeksP. L. 631b, ἐν ὑ_μῖν ἐδημηγόρησεν he made an harangue before (coram) you D. 8.74. With verbs of motion, see 1659 a. Of circumstance, occupation, as ““οἱ ἐν τοῖς πρά_γμασινthe men at the head of affairsD. 9.56 (so ἐν εἰρήνῃ, ἔργῳ, ὠφελείᾳ, φιλοσοφίᾳ, φόβῳ εἶναι; ἐν αἰτίᾳ ἔχειν to blame, ἐν ὀργῇ ἔχειν to be angry with); in the power of: ἐν τῷ θεῷ τὸ τέλος ἦν, οὐκ ἐμοί the issue rested with God, not with me D. 18.193, ““ἐν ἑαυτῷ ἐγένετοhe came to himselfX. A. 1.5.17.

b. Temporal: in, within, during (cp. 1542): ““ἐν πέντε ἔτεσινin five yearsL. 19.29, ““ἐν σπονδαῖςduring a truceT. 1.55, ἐν while.

c. Instrument, Means, Cause, Manner (originally local): ἐν ὀφθαλμοῖσιν ἴδωμαι see with the eyes A 587, ἐν ἑνὶ κινδυ_νεύεσθαι to be endangered by (i.e. to depend on) a single person T. 2.35, ““ἐν τούτοις λυ_πούμενοι χαίροντεςeither grieving or rejoicing at thisP. R. 603c, ἐν τούτῳ δηλῶσαι to make clear by this 392 e, ““ἐν τῷ φανερῷopenlyX. A. 1.3.21. Conformity: ““ἐν τοῖς ὁμοίοις νόμοις ποιήσαντες τὰ_ς κρίσειςdeciding according to equal lawsT. 1.77, ““ἐν ἐμοίin my opinionE. Hipp. 1320.

N.—In many dialects, e.g. those north of the Corinthian Gulf (rarely in Pindar), ἐν retains its original meaning of in (with dat.) and into (with accus.). The latter use appears in ἐνδέξια towards the right.

2. ἐν in Composition

In, at, on, among (ἐμπί_πτειν fall in or on, ἐντυγχάνειν fall in with, ἐγγελᾶν laugh at, ἐνάπτειν bind on).

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  • Cross-references to this page (1):
    • Raphael Kühner, Bernhard Gerth, Ausführliche Grammatik der griechischen Sprache, KG 1.3.2
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