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1963. With ἔχω.—The periphrasis with ἔχω and the aorist participle is analogous to the perfect in meaning, and emphasizes the permanence of the result attained (chiefly in Hdt. and the drama): ““κηρύ_ξα_ς ἔχωI have proclaimedS. Ant. 192.

a. In Attic prose ἔχω usu. has a separate force: ““Φερὰ_ς πρώην ἔχει καταλαβώνhe lately seized and now occupies PheraeD. 9.12. So with the (rare) perfect: τὰ ἐπιτήδεια εἶχον ἀνακεκομισμένοι they had carried up to the forts the provisions and kept them there X. A. 4.7.1.

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  • Cross-references to this page (1):
    • Raphael Kühner, Bernhard Gerth, Ausführliche Grammatik der griechischen Sprache, KG 3.5.3
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