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2196. The verb of a final clause stands in the subjunctive after an introductory primary tense, in the optative (sometimes in the subjunctive, 2197) after a secondary tense.

γράφω ἵνα ἐκμάθῃς I write (on this account) that you may learn.

γράφω ἵνα μὴ ἐκμάθῃς I write (on this account) that you may not learn.

ἔγραψα ἵνα ἐκμάθοις (or ἐκμάθῃς) I wrote (on this account) that you might learn.

ἔγραψα ἵνα μὴ ἐκμάθοις (or ἐκμάθῃς) I wrote (on this account) that you might not learn.

““κατάμενε ἵνα καὶ περὶ σοῦ βουλευσώμεθαremain behind that we may consider your case alsoX. A. 6.6.28, ““βασιλεὺς αἱρεῖται οὐχ ἵνα ἑαυτοῦ καλῶς ἐπιμελῆται, ἀλλ᾽ ἵνα καὶ οι᾽ ἑλόμενοι δι᾽ αὐτὸν εὖ πρά_ττωσιa king is chosen, not that he may care for his own interest however nobly, but that those who choose him may prosper through himX. M. 3.2.3, ““παρακαλεῖς ἰ_α_τροὺς ὅπως μὴ ἀποθάνῃyou call in physicians in order that he may not dieX. M. 2.10.2. φύλακας συμπέμπει (hist. pres., 1883) . . . ““ὅπως ἀπὸ τῶν δυσχωριῶν φυλάττοιεν αὐτόνhe sent guards along in order that they might guard him from the rough parts of the countryX. C. 1.4.7. ““καὶ ἅμα ταῦτ᾽ εἰπὼν ἀνέστη ὡς μὴ μέλλοιτο ἀλλὰ περαίνοιτο τὰ δέονταand with these words on his lips he stood up in order that what was needful might not be delayed but be done at onceX. A. 3.1.47, ““μὴ σπεῦδε πλουτεῖν μὴ ταχὺς πένης γένῃhaste not to be rich lest thou soon become poorMen. Sent. 358. For the optative after an optative, see 2186 c.

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  • Cross-references to this page (1):
    • Raphael Kühner, Bernhard Gerth, Ausführliche Grammatik der griechischen Sprache, KG 3.2.2
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