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2200. The optative is very rare after a primary tense except when that tense implies a reference to the past as well as to the present.

““οἴχονται ἵνα μὴ δοῖεν δίκηνthey have gone away that they might not suffer punishmentL. 20.21. Here οἴχονται is practically equivalent to ἔφυγον, and the optative δοῖεν shows that the purpose was conceived in the past. On the optative (without ἄν) by assimilation after an optative, see 2186 c.

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  • Cross-references to this page (1):
    • Raphael Kühner, Bernhard Gerth, Ausführliche Grammatik der griechischen Sprache, KG 3.2.2
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