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2556. Relative Clauses of Result (Consecutive Relative Clauses) usually take the indicative (for οἷος, ὅσος with the infinitive see 2497). The negative is οὐ when the relative clause approximates ὥστε (οὐ) with the indicative, as is generally the case when the main clause is negative, expressed or implied. Here ὅστις is commoner than ὅς. The negative is μή when the relative clause expresses an intended (2557) or anticipated (2558) result, where ὥστε μή with the infinitive would be less precise.

τίς οὕτω μαίνεται ὅστις οὐ βούλεται σοὶ φίλος εἶναι; who is so mad that he does not wish to be a friend to you? X. A. 2.5.12, ““οὐδὲν γὰρ οὕτω βραχὺ ὅπλον ἑκάτεροι εἶχον οὐκ ἐξι_κνοῦντο ἀλλήλωνfor each side did not have weapons so short that they could not reach each otherX. H. 7.5.17.

a. The indicative with ἄν and the optative with ἄν are rare. Thus, τίς δ᾽ ἦν οὕτως . . . μι_σαθήναιος, ὅστις ἐδυνήθη ἂν ἄτακτον αὑτὸν ὑπομεῖναι ἰδεῖν; who was such a hater of Athens that he could endure to see himself not at his post? Lyc. 39, ““τίς οὕτως ἰσχυ_ρός, δ̀ς . . . ῥἱ_γει δύναιτ᾽ ἂν μαχόμενος στρατεύεσθαιwho is so vigorous that he could carry on war while battling with cold?X. C. 6.1.15. A potential optative with ὅς follows a potential optative in P. R. 360b.

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  • Cross-references to this page (1):
    • Raphael Kühner, Bernhard Gerth, Ausführliche Grammatik der griechischen Sprache, KG 3.2.3
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