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2760. If in the same clause a simple negative (οὐ or μή) with a verb follows a negative, each of the two negatives keeps its own force if they belong to different words or expressions. If they belong to the same word or expression, they make an affirmative.

οὐ διὰ τὸ μὴ ἀκοντίζειν οὐκ ἔβαλον αὐτόν it was not because they did not throw that they did not hit him Ant. 3. δ. 6, ““οὔ τοι μὰ τὴν Δήμητρα δύναμαι μὴ γελᾶνby Demeter I am not able to help laughingAr. Ran. 42, οὐδεὶς οὐκ ἔπασχέ τι no one was not suffering something (i.e. everybody suffered) X. S. 1. 9 (οὐδεὶς ὅστις οὐ = everybody is commonly used for οὐδεὶς οὐ), οὐδὲ τὸν Φορμίων᾽ ἐκεῖνος οὐχ ὁρᾷ nor does he not see Phormio (i.e. he sees him very well) D. 36.46, οὐδ᾽ εἴ τις ἄλλος σοφός (ἐστιν) ““οὐ φιλοσοφεῖnor if there is any other man who is wise, does he love wisdomP. S. 204a, ““οὐδέ γε ἰδίᾳ πονηρὸς οὐκ ἂν γένοιτο δημοσίᾳ χρηστόςnor can the man who is base in private prove himself noble in a public capacityAes. 3.78.

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  • Cross-references to this page (1):
    • Raphael Kühner, Bernhard Gerth, Ausführliche Grammatik der griechischen Sprache, KG 3.6.1
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