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[5] Again, when any of the King's court came to visit him, he treated them all in such a way that when he sent them back they were more devoted to him than to the King. He also took care that the barbarians1 of his own province should be capable soldiers and should feel kindly toward him.

1 “Barbarians” is a convenient, but not an accurate, translation for βάρβαροι, which was simply the name the Greeks gave, without implying reproach, to all peoples who were not Greeks. In general, then, it meant “foreigners”; in most cases in the Anabasis (as here) it could be translated “Persians.”

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