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[21] When the generals came to realize these difficulties, they formed six companies of a hundred men each and put a captain at the head of each company, adding also platoon and squad commanders.1 Then in case the wings drew together on the march,2 these companies would drop back, so as not to interfere with the wings, and for the time being would move along behind the wings;

1 i.e. commanders of fifties and twenty-fives, or of half and quarter companies.

2 The formation is a hollow square. Xenophon means by “wings” (κέρατα, here and above) the right and left ends of the division which formed the front of the square, and by “flanks” (πλευραί) the divisions which formed the sides of the square. Apparently three of the special companies were stationed at the middle of the front side of the square (cp. 43 below) and the other three in the corresponding position at the rear.

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