The year of Aratus's office was just expiring, and his
Aratus succeeded by his son as Strategus of the Achaeans, May B.C. 219.
son Aratus the younger had been elected to
succeed him as Strategus, and was on the point
of taking over the office. Scopas was still
Strategus of the Aetolians, and in fact it was
just about the middle of his year. For the
Aetolians hold their elections immediately after the autumn
equinox, while the Achaeans hold theirs about the time of
the rising of the Pleiads. As soon therefore as summer had
well set in, and Aratus the younger had taken over his
office, all these wars at once began simultaneously.
June—September, B.C. 219.
Hannibal began besieging Saguntum
Romans sent Lucius Aemilius with an army to Illyria
Demetrius of Pharos,—of both which I spoke in the last book;
Antiochus, having had Ptolemais
betrayed to him by
Theodotus, meditated attacking Coele-Syria
; and Ptolemy was
engaged in preparing for the war with Antiochus. While
Lycurgus, wishing to make a beginning after the pattern of
Cleomenes, pitched his camp near the Athenaeum of Megalopolis
and was laying siege to it: the Achaeans were collecting
mercenary horse and foot for the war which was upon them:
and Philip, finally, was starting from Macedonia
with an army
consisting of ten thousand heavy-armed soldiers of the phalanx,
five thousand light-armed, and eight hundred cavalry. Such
was the universal state of war or preparation for war.