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[1221a] [1]

Shamelessness Diffidence Modesty
Profligacy Insensitiveness Temperance
Envy (nameless1 Righteous Indignation
Profit Loss The Just
Prodigality Meanness Liberality
Boastfulness Self-depreciation Sincerity2
Flattery Surliness Friendliness
Subservience Stubbornness Dignity
Luxuriousness Endurance3 Hardiness
Vanity Smallness of Spirit Greatness of Spirit
Extravagance Shabbiness Magnificence
Rascality Simpleness Wisdom.

These and such as these are the emotions that the spirit experiences, and they are all designated from being either excessive or defective. The man that gets angry more and more quickly and with more people than he ought is irascible, he that in respect of persons and occasions and manner is deficient in anger is insensitive; the man that is not afraid of things of which he ought to be afraid, nor when nor as he ought, is rash, he that is afraid of things of which he ought not to be afraid, and when and as he ought not to be, is cowardly.4 [20] Similarly also one that is a prey to his desires and that exceeds in everything possible is profligate, and one that is deficient and does not desire even to a proper degree and in a natural way, but is as devoid of feeling as a stone, is insensitive.5 The man that seeks gain from every source is a profiteer, and he that seeks gain if not from no source, yet from few, is a waster.6 He that pretends to have more possessions than he really has is a boaster, and he that pretends to have fewer is a self-depreciator. One that joins in approval more than is fitting is a flatterer, one that does so less than is fitting is surly. To be too complaisant is subservience; to be complaisant seldom and reluctantly is stubbornness. Again, the man that endures no pain, not even if it is good for him, is luxurious; one that can endure all pain alike is strictly speaking nameless, but by metaphor he is called hard, patient or enduring. He that rates himself too high is vain, he that rates himself too low, small-spirited. Again, he that exceeds in all expenditure is prodigal, he that falls short in all, mean. Similarly the shabby man and the swaggerer—the latter exceeds what is fitting and the former falls below it. The rascal grasps profit by every means and from every source, the simpleton does not make profit even from the proper sources. Envy consists in being annoyed at prosperity more often than one ought to be, for the envious are annoyed by the prosperity even of those who deserve to prosper; the opposite character is less definitely named,

1 In Aristot. Nic. Eth. 1108b 2ἐπιχαιρεκακία, Malice, rejoicing in another's misfortune.

2 Aristot. Nic. Eth. 4.7 shows that sincerity in asserting one's own merits is meant.

3 'Submission to evils' (Solomon): not in Nic. Eth.

4 The shameless and diffident are omitted here: see the table above.

5 Envy in 12 comes here in the schedule.

6 The prodigal and mean in 10 comes here in the schedule.

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