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[20] Another topic consists in maintaining that the cause of something which is or has been is something which would generally, or possibly might, be the cause of it; for example, if one were to make a present of something to another, in order to cause him pain by depriving him of it. Whence it has been said: “ It is not from benevolence that the deity bestows great blessings upon many, but in order that they may suffer more striking calamities.1

” And these verses from the Meleager of Antiphon: “ Not in order to slay the monster, but that they may be witnesses to Greece of the valor of Meleager.2

” And the following remark from the Ajax of Theodectes, that Diomedes chose Odysseus before all others,3 not to do him honor, but that his companion might be his inferior; for this may have been the reason.

1 The author is unknown.

2 Frag. 2 (T.G.F. p. 792).

3 Hom. Il. 10.218; cp. T.G.F. p. 801.

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